The Executive is the elected leader: mayor (of a town), commissioner (of a county), governor (state), president (nation), or the premier (New World Order). There are no term limits, but if another candidate expresses interest, it goes back to the ballot for next term. The Period of Term increases linearly with the size of district: 1-year cycles for city elections, 2-year (county), 3-year (state), 4-year (nation), 5-year (world). There is no term limit, as long as other citizens have a chance to get elected. Elections should occur on a regular date decided by the district, like the date of it`s founding. This staggers election cycles so that people can find a place to express their interest of election at the time the spirit moves them, rather than wait for years. The Executive must be a resident of the district prior to accepting the position. If the position is vacant because there was no positive vote, the position may be filled by a higher-level Executive (who may or may not need be a resident at that time) at the last elected Executive`s salary. This generally means that only the top-most position may be vacant, awaiting for a sufficiently-qualified candidate to arise.
Executives can fill lower offices (when they are vacant) with their own candidates. This means that when there isn't a positive vote on a fraction ballot, higher-level executives can fill the offices with their own appointees, creating a possibly more-efficient order like a corporation as such executives would be there only at the wish and command of the higher executive. STUB: They can also oust incumbant executives unless their is dissent amongst a quorum of citizens of the district (where they can arrange a debate. There must be greater than 10 residents that dissent for it to be honored by the higher-level Executive). Rules of residency and re-election apply.
Whenever there is a change-over in leadership, the clerk should educate the new Executive on things like where to access the budget, office keys (and any existing procedures), staff, and inform the new executive to deputize any undeputized, gun-carrying, law enforcement members which also offers a chance to meet some of their staff and inform them of their enforcement priorities. Professional police can be deputized higher up the chain and stay up-to-date for longer durations.
Executives should consider automatic hiring of any citizens who show interest to be a police officer and have it funded at a basic entry level until further certification and approval is gained.
There is ONE exception to the laws against habeas corpus: failed identification challenge. If a citizen perpetually does not have in possession their ID (and you have properly showed them your name and/or State ID, if challenged) you can detain them no more than 1 hour * (level of government) without a charge (this is not a rule to justify abuse but to incentivize, through inconvenience, citizens to carry ID).
Where there are individuals who express continued failing at the law, rather than result to violence or useless incarceration against your own community members, refer it up the chain to the next higher elected official to try to understand and address, otherwise these issues should be understood within the penal system itself. Failures of economic opportunity (they don't own property), family stability, lack of education are common causes.
Executives receive a salary, published before election, set by the Legislative Branch. The Legislative Branch can then use this tool to motivate potential candidates to run for Office, depending on the needs of citizens. Executives don't control the ongoing salary of civil employees under their domain, but they can reward employees from their own budget. Further, they have the ability to terminate employment. Unlike all other civil servants, Executives should pay income tax to lead by example.
Executives should be sworn in to uphold the principles of the Constitution and the Foundations of liberty and justice for all, to the best of their ability for as long as they hold office once election is official. They should be sworn in by the departing executive, or a chosen legislative member, if such not available. This is their contract to the People for having the leeway to go above the law to protect and serve society. The Court can decide whether they did so, if need be, or the People make use of the Press.
Executives can deny a convicted member of their district the right to vote in elections within their district. This holds as long as they are in power. No legislation is necessary. Only a executive above them can countermand the order.
Executives can participate as citizens in Legislative sessions, but, like a Judge, their presence does not count towards the quorum. If an Executive chooses to leave before their term is over, they should clear it with the Legislative to ensure loose ends don't become serious problems.
Executive orders and agendas should be passed down to lower-level Executives. Failure to enact said orders is up to the Executive to handle.
Executives can be fined up to quadruple damages for any conviction of one of their members. Half of this must be paid out of their own budget for failing to monitor their employees.
Executive is responsible for putting new money into the economy. New money should enter the economy when there is innovation (product or service) the leader believes in. The Treasury handles distributing the money, while the Executive selects the percentage that is distributed to each bank. These figures should be given to the Press, both the amount and which banks received the money. Money can be given to a national bank(s) if it is funding the innovation or to lower-level executives (via their clerk) who are supporting the innovation. Apart from lost currency, money should not be printed and released for any other reason. Oil production, for example, should make goods cheaper (meaning there is more money for citizens to spend on innovation along with new products and services) rather than be a driver for printing new money.
If the bank says it needs more money, the Executive can print more, but is ultimately responsible for proper fiscal management so that prices stay stable. State executives can give money to state banks and county executives to county banks, etc.
Misconduct by lower-level Executives should be dealt with by higher Executives and tried in the lower Court. If their is no higher-level court, because it is the world Premier, the World Supreme Court can request that the Executive step down until the issue is resolved by the Legislative where a 2/3 majority is required (after such a call-to-vote is published beforehand). A quorum of four is the minimum in such cases.
Elections turnovers should give sufficient time for leaving incumbents to close things up before vacating Office. If an election doesn't result in a positive vote, the Office can be filled by a higher-level executive. Alternatively, the next higher Executive can add someone onto the ballot for the next election.
Higher-level executives should try to fix any problems at lower levels and check-in occasionally elsewhere in their district to ensure things are running smoothly. They have no jurisdiction (apart from what the law provides), but they can provide guidance like a business manager might in a large organization.
The Executive has no control over the Legislative budget, but gets access to full knowledge of it and its balance sheet.
Emergency or elective elections can be held if the issue is brought to a Judge and approves it. Judges should be unanimous on date, time, location (i.e. proper Notice), except in the case of attack (like in war).
Final votes should not be published, but the voter turn-out percentage should be published. The final order of placement (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.) should be shown to the victor and remaining candidates but not published. Totals should be kept in the Judges Chambers.
There is no Vice President (or Vice Mayor), but the Executive should name a President pro-temp (locum tenums) if the President becomes unavailable (falling ill or away on vacation, e.g.). Also, the Executive can bring or appoint however many assistants s/he wants to act as advisers. In theory, they should be volunteers, otherwise longer-term positions can be paid from the Executive Budget (sales tax revenue: see below).
The Executive has official duty to uphold the written Law, formed by the Legislature, but can suggest that a Law gets scratched from the books, where a simple majority can decide. S/He also has to balance enforcing laws with other priorities. If the executive cannot represent themselves (their law enforcement officers) on behalf of the people in Court, they can hire a public attorney out of their own budget. This keeps the Executive from frivolous ticketing or misconduct.
An inaugural address should be given to the public at each election cycle to establish direction and to communicate the income tax rate (for that year) so that it can be collected properly.
The Executive is responsible for the printing of money: when to print it and ensuring it`s security. For those lower-level districts without the need nor desire to print their own money, they can request an order for money from a higher-level Executive Branch to provide to their banks. Higher level executives must ensure the security of this money and set up policies for handling for prevention against fraud.
The Executive doesn't get to create Law, but gets to embark on Projects. These projects are funded from revenue from sales taxes. In fact, all growth and development of the district comes from this Branch, funded by sales taxes from their own private budget (not accessible except by Exective's own discretion -- unless called for review by a higher-level Exeuctive). Ongoing services (utilities, schools, police salary, etc.) are funded by income taxes collected by the Legislative Branch. The Executive is responsible for enforcing this collection, however.
The Executive gets their own budget funded by revenue from sales taxes (a levy on commercial transactions). This is a reward for stimulating the economy. They can also suggest spending from the Legislature. Itemized expenses and revenues should be published to district-level paper on a monthly basis.
There is another potential source of project monies: bank capital. An elected leader can borrow money from banks and pay back in interest to the bank (which then pays the customers). As long as these loans are on record, it shouldn't be a problem. Whether the bank shares these numbers with customers is up to their discretion, but it`s Board should be aware.
The Executive should appoint a Judge when a position on the Bench is vacant -- up to one Bench position per term. Executives can rob judges from lower in the ranks and promote them to higher-level, vacant positions at the Bench. Executives lower-down can fill the newly-vacated position, if their incumbent accepts the appointment from above.
Such Executive should be accessible to the public with an open office. The Executive can set hours of operation, and the Legislative Branch should follow. Such hours can be overruled from the elected Executive above if direct contact is made otherwise there is no overarching power to the executives lower down -- it must remain cooperative. Projects set in motion by the Executive, should be sent to Executives lower down for review and feed-back, then continue downward until it reaches bottom where it should be published in local newspapers.
The Executive is accountable for and has the responsibility to deputize any use of force, like police with guns. There are no property taxes except as a fee for various services like sewer, trash, postal service, road maintenance, electricity hookups, etc. Ideally, income tax decisions would be decided at the lowest levels where people are closer to the items of concern, while sales taxes at the highest where it is more detached, but there is no known practical way to implement this and the tensions between higher levels of power and lower levels will have to be worked out through participation in the Legislative Branch, Executive election cycles, and Court cases. The Executive, however gets to veto income tax rates.
Executives have a Badge or insignia to signify the Office when in public. If a police force is deputized, they should carry smaller versions of such. Volunteers should be welcome, upon educated on the possible dangers. Upon such deputization, they can issue tickets. Lower-level police can be promoted to higher-level branches of the Executive police force by an executive above. This is particularly noteworthy for police who are enforcing laws enacted by those higher-level districts. Anyone carrying a firearm must be deputized by the elected leader her/himself. Others can volunteer under whatever supervision can be established.
Notices of Death are sent to this Office. Person's of Significance should be forwarded to the Executive Office upwards. Notice of Births go to the local newspaper.
The Legislature (and Executive when setting up higher-level elections) should decide on and perform election and a Judge should oversee. It only takes one Judge to affix a stamp of approval for it to be official. This latter is mandatory when sending in results upstream for higher-level elections(?). On a tie, the Judge should intervene and choose how to decide (even making a deciding vote if they wish). If there simply isn't enough interest to create a positive vote win on a fractional vote, the incumbent should finalize matters before leaving Office -- like setting up the budget for ongoing expenses and setting aside rewards for those who stay behind and keep services running. After that, Rule falls back to the next level down, or if there is no more levels downwards (City level), it's back to the People. Elections when the Office is vacant are open annually.
If no one got approved in the last election cycle lower down, the Executive can incentivize hiring someone with his/her own budget.
The compensation here should be monetary. Set dynamically by the Legislative Branch. Costs of (comfortable) living should be a minimum.
The standard track for Executive leaders is to get promoted by the People into higher-level offices: Mayor >> Commissioner >> Governor >> President.
As this is for a World Order, this document doesn't address the issue of military force for use overseas, but if it were to be decided, the Executive can decide to make an act of war, should consult with the whole of the Court, and the Legislative would need to approve with a simple majority (minimum 1, but in such an event, citizens should congregate to their Legislative meeting rooms to be available).