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The growth of the Internet has enabled a wide variety of Collaborative governance/eDemocracy/Direct Democracy projects. In addition to the active projects affiliated with the Metagovernment site, there are a wide range of other projects throughout the world.


  • Citizen Intelligence Agency — Tracking Politicians Like Bugs.
  • CreateDebate — A social debate tool.
  • Crabgrass — A suite of group collaboration tools, such as private wikis, task lists, file repository, and decision making tools. It is a software libre social networking web application.
  • DecisionMaker — A soft that uses and compares multiple current electoral systems, programmed by the de Borda Institute.
  • ExpertNet US Government initiative.
  • Helios open source "end to end auditable voting system". Also on facebook
  • IdeaScale — Enables companies to build living/breathing Digg style communities.
  • Ideagraph — An open, non-profit system for organizing arguments and achieving consensuses. Invited by Ed: 2010-02-14.
  • MixedInk — A collaborative writing tool.
  • PanGaia — An information-theoretic model for idealizing information flows and community building.
  • ProtoForge — A non-profit effort to develop an open, wiki style, systems engineering platform.
  • Tyranny of Majority - A free web-based polling/voting tool in early beta. Represented on the list by Jarno Luoma-Nirva.
  • WhyNot? — An interesting tool that integrates some style of debate and voting for popularity of ideas flow.
  • Wiki-Trust — A MediaWiki extension for automatically building trust info by evaluating history data.

International projects

  • The Center for Deliberative Democracy — Housed in the Department of Communication at Stanford University, is devoted to research about democracy and public opinion obtained through Deliberative Polling.
  • EarthOperatingSystem — EarthOS 1.0 development team to evolve ways to wikigovern our planet.
    • Wikigovern (Dead page) — A start-up site inviting volunteer web developers to join in developing EarthOS 1.0.
    • e-Parliament — Builds a new kind of democratic global institution by linking up into a global forum the Members of Parliament and Congress that have been already elected.
    • World Government — Provides a global political service institution for the installation and maintenance of world peace.
  • Echologic — Democracy platform promoting values of sustainability, cooperation, and active participation. Invited by Ed: 2010-02-21.
  • eCitizen Foundation — Educates stakeholders across society to discuss and establish the Open Public Integrated Architectures that explicitly address the legal, technical and business layers of tomorrow's online systems, organizations and life.
  • — Builds online public space. Invited by Matías: 2009-09-06.
  • Karari Participative Democracy and Constitutions Platform— Based on principals of Direct Democracy (liquid), this portal hosts hundreds of national and state constitutions whey users can comment, rate, discuss and develop their own constitutions and learn from what have been developed in other nation states. View all available constitutions here List of constitutions. and join us on facebook here Karari Global Participative Democracy This project is current being piloted in Tunisia via NGOs and Civil Society Organisations to support the drafting of the new Tunisian National Constitution by providing a public outreach channel for citizens.
  • Loomio -- currently in closed alpha, Loomio is an open-source platform for collaborative decision-making.
  • Mass Collaboration — Explores the possibility of massively collaborative direct democracy. Represented on list by Kevin St.Onge
  • Open Politics — Supports civic engagement and the open exchange of ideas via the Internet. The site is designed to make it easier to learn, deliberate and decide complex issues in public policy. Represented on list by Michael Pilling.
  • Our Constitution (Dead page) — Collaborative site that aims to create a Constitution which would be accepted in an European referendum. Invited by Matías: 2009-09-06. read the E.U. constitution here
  • Political Past — Offers a political track-record along with user approval and feedback. It includes an online voting system for major political decisions.
  • W3C eGovernment Interest Group — Explores how to improve access to government through better use of the Web and achieve better government transparency using open Web standards at any government level.
  • The World Parliament Experiment — An Internet platform for political discussions. Besides elections, the forum allows debate, discussion and views sharing in an international environment.
  • Wikia: Politics — Lots of wikis about politics and wikicracy hosted by Wikia.
  • Wikicracy — An early-stage wiki-model of governance. Invited by Matías: 2009-09-06.
  • Wikituition (abandoned) — A collaborative draft writing for a new European Constitution. Invited by Matías: 2009-09-06.
  • Le Message — Structured arguments to convince citizens of the need of a randomly drawn Constitutional Assembly

Regional Projects




  • Pärnu viki - The idea and problems bank of Pärnu city (Estonia), under which people can offer their ideas and their own problems and to evaluate other.


  • Gentils Virus — Informal community of French-speaking citizens acting for direct democracy (wanting a new Constitution written by an assembly of randomly drawn citizens)
  • Les citoyens constituants — French association of citizens acting for direct democracy
  • — French association providing a petition to add the Referendum of Citizen Initiative in the French constitution.
  • Démocratie Réelle — Lists of randomly drawn citizen (among volunteers) which have been candidates for the European elections of 2014. Their political programme consists in providing an online voting tool open to every citizen, so that the Démocratie Réelle MEPs would vote on each law proposal the exact result of an online referendum.



  • — Social Media and Interactive E-democracy for users interested in public life. This system serves the representatives with virtual offices, and automatic databases. Many web 2.0 tools for both voters, both representatives like debate module, poll, blog, forum, petition, charity, campaign, interactive calendar, etc.


  • Open Direct Democracy — A service which automatically fetches legal documents from Althingi, the Icelandic Parliament, and enables Icelandic citizens to interact with the legal process. Features include voting, commenting and submitting change proposals. There is an import module available for MediaWiki. All content is in Icelandic but the software is localized in both English and Icelandic. Software is available from GitHub here.



  • Internetcrazia (English translation) — Italian party advocating direct democracy through the Internet.
  • Casaleggio Associati is a software firm who on the one side has prooduced the blog of two political influential figures (Beppe Grillo and Antonio Di Pietro), and on the other has produced a video on how they expect the future of democracy to be dominated by the internet. Both Grillo and Di Pietro favour a more strong integration of the net in politics. Using the net to control the politicians and even to discuss political decisions.
  • Partito-Pirata is the italian branch of the international political party who is trying to reform copyright. It was contacted by Pietro Speroni and they declared to be very interested to the field of e-government.


  • Cyber Democracy is a local concept but with a global objective of combining direct democracy with mainstream portable information technology such as smartphones and tablets.

Tunisia (Post Arab Spring Revolution)

New Zealand

  • Police Act Wiki — A governmental wiki allowing input on their police code through the Internet. The final decisions are still up to politicians.


South Africa


  • WikiDemokracia — Starting in 1st. Jan. 2012 - democratic political system based on direct democracy, combined with representative democracy, where candidates will be not elected by chosing by a political party but by a skills and knowledge chosen by people.



United Kingdom

United States

  • OccupyVotes — an open source approach to participatory democracy. An idea marketplace, it enables #OWS to collect and prioritize financial ideas in an open, efficient, and accountable way. Platform run by non-profit Digital Democracy.
  • Athena Bridge (ex DeepDebate) — For profit organization developing
  • Inc. — A New York not-for-profit advocating for the .nyc TLD's (like .com and .org but just for New York City) development as a public interest resource. The view is that it's a common pool resource and requires an appropriate governance structure.
  • Free Government (broken link) — Running a candidate for U.S. Congress, maybe several, but not until 2010. Represented on list by Foy.
  • Govit — Builds opinion legislation, then asks members to send it on to their representatives.
  • lowercase d — New York City group for direct democracy with web input. See their plan.
  • Mackinac Center and USAVotes — Provides transparency and information about Congressional representatives.
  • National Initiative for Democracy (NI4D) — Proposal which will permit the People to make or change laws by initiative; a project of the Democracy Foundation.
  • Open Forum Foundation — Building a free, web-based platform that enables communication between decision-makers and their constituents.
  • Open Source Digital Voting Foundation — Dedicates to sustaining technology development efforts that create freely available, open source U.S. election technology.
  • Participatory Politics Foundation — A NGO with a mission to increase civic engagement; develops websites that create new opportunities for engagement with government.
  • PolicyPitch — Commercial project to enable citizens to develop policy proposals for their community. Similar to Metagovernment in its community-based approach, though limited to formal governments in the U.S., not intended to replace governments, and not free and open (commercial owner, commercial copyright, advertising-supported).
  • The Wikiocracy Project — It aims to support the development of new political parties based on the wikiocracy model. The primary way it does this is through the development of the wikiocracy drupal module. Invited by Matías: 2009-08-14.

In Business

  • Open company — A business run like an open source project.
  • BetterMeans — Holds an open enterprise governance model.

About money

  • The Metacurrency Project — Platforms and protocols necessary for an open source economy.
  • Openmoney — The purpose of the open money project is to bring together and organize the people and resources necessary for the development and propagation of open money everywhere.



  • The Global Brain — Peter Russell's classic video showing how all of our open-source governance efforts fit into the big picture.
  • From Patriotism to Participation (coming soon) — The National Initiavtive for Democracy's documentary about its project and democracy.

Link resources

See also

  • Standardization — A proposal of creating a standard for open source governance (and related) projects.
  • Conferences — List of upcoming meetings and conferences
  • Good examples — Online communities and systems which have elements we may want to emulate (or avoid).
  • OpenSocial — Open API for social networking.

External links

  • ParticipateDB — Collaborative catalogue for online tools for participation.
  • Participedia — User-generated articles which describe and assess participatory governance throughout the world.